Marvel fans are having a great morning, with two big movie and TV announcements and one possibly major leak from Samuel L. Jackson. With the excitement for tomorrow’s release of Iron Fist being… let’s say tempered by early reviews, we’ll take all the good Marvel news we can get.Let’s start with Legion. The surreal head-trip of an X-Men show has only aired six episodes so far but has in that short time surpassed even Daredevil and Jessica Jones to become the most stylish, well-written Marvel-based show on television. (If you’re a regular reader of this site, you probably have some idea of how much I love this show.) So good news for me and anyone else who feels that way: It’s getting a second season!The first season is still two weeks from being over, but FX has already ordered another season, Marvel announced yesterday.“We are thrilled there will be a new season of Legion,” Head of Marvel Television Jeph Loeb said. “Noah (Hawley’s) spectacular take on David Haller and all the other characters he brought to life makes us ache for more.”No word yet on what the second season’s episode count will be, but given the tight scripting of the first season, I don’t know if I’d want it any longer. With only eight episodes in the season, Legion has had to make the most of every minute of screen time they’re given. In any case, the first season is strong enough that I’m on board for whatever they end up doing.Legion isn’t the only franchise getting another installment before the current one is even finished. James Gunn announced in an interview with Complex that Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 3 is already confirmed. That shouldn’t be much of a surprise considering that the first Guardians of the Galaxy has become one of the Marvel Cinematic Universe’s most beloved films, and fans are crazy excited for is an upcoming sequel. (And of course for Baby Groot.)Gunn says he’s still trying to figure out what he wants to do next, which is understandable considering he’s only just finished the second Guardians movie. It sounds like he’s on the fence as to whether or not he wants to direct a third one.“You know, I’m going to make another big movie; is it the Guardians or something else? I’m just going to figure it out of the next couple of weeks,” Gunn said.As a huge fan of Gunn’s pre-Guardians work (like the hilarious and disgusting horror-comedy Slither), I’d love to see him work on something wholly original. On the other hand, Gunn’s weirdness is what made the first Guardians of the Galaxy so special. What other director could do the franchise justice?Gunn also dropped some hints at what role the Guardians will play in 2018’s Avengers: Infinity War. While the movie is firmly an Avengers movie, the Guardians will have a small, but important role. They are an important part of Thanos’s story, after all.Samuel L Jackson as Nick Fury in Iron Man 2. (Photo: Marvel Studios/Disney)Finally, Samuel L. Jackson may have let some pretty big plot details slip in an interview with Hot 97. He was ostensibly there to talk about Kong: Skull Island, but when you have Jackson in the studio, you’re not going to ask about Marvel stuff. Especially when he isn’t sure if he’s in the next two Avengers movies.“You didn’t see me in Civil War,” he told the host. “I’m still out there trying to figure out what The Skull is…” and that’s all we got. It’s easy to presume he just gave away much more than he intended to with that answer.So, that’s a pretty juicy sentence fragment. Since Jackson is still contracted for two more Marvel movies, the studio probably wants those roles to be more than just cameos. His comment points to a movie that heavily features Nick Fury and Red Skull, the Hydra villain from the first Captain America movie. Even more exciting, we already know exactly what Phase Three of Marvel’s cinematic universe looks like. There really doesn’t seem to be an opportunity for the Red Skull to show up in it. Did Jackson just give us our first hint at Phase Four? Either way, I’m now eagerly anticipating Hugo Weaving’s return to the Marvel Cinematic Universe, red face paint and all.For more MCU awesomeness check out or Guardians gift guide. Tom Holland Responds to Disney-Sony Spider-Man Feud‘Game of Thrones’ Star Kit Harington Joins Marvel’s &#… Stay on target
Study: Be Careful How You Use the Word ‘The’Voynich manuscript: Nonsensical fraud, forgotten language, or secret code? A new study from the University of California, Los Angeles has debunked the idea of a “normal voice.”During this week’s Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA), researcher Jody Kreiman presented her findings on voice perception and what it means for a voice to sound “normal.”“How you sound affects every aspect of your existence as a biological being,” she said in a statement published by the ASA. “Voice quality is your auditory face.”So a perceived abnormality—continued use of a high-pitched voice after puberty, breaks or interruptions in sentences, a foreign accent, hoarseness—can lead to negative judgments or even ridicule.But just because you don’t have the soothing timbre or Morgan Freeman or the raspy sexiness of Scarlett Johansson doesn’t mean you’re vocally handicapped.“When we started looking at the literature, everyone dodges the question of normalness,” Kreiman explained. “Clearly, a great deal depends on what we call ‘normal’ and not ‘normal.’”To determine those definitions, she asked volunteers to listen to voice recordings and order them based on perceived severity of vocal pathology.Each consisted of a one-second sustained vowel sound, produced by 100 female speakers. Half of the vocalizations came from clinical recordings of women with diagnosed voice abnormalities; the other half from UCLA students with no known vocal disorder.“We are not interested in cases where people have a very large abnormality,” Kreiman said. “We are more interested in borderline cases so we can begin defining a boundary between ‘normal’ and not ‘normal.’”One which does not, it seems, actually exist.Initial findings suggest that while listeners sometimes agreed on which voices sounded abnormal, they were not in assent over those that seemed “normal.”“What these results are really saying is that the current view that voice perception is just the voice signal, or the person speaking, or the person listening, is wrong,” Kreiman said. “We are dealing with a dynamic interaction between the speaker, the signal, the context, and the listener, and we have to understand how all these different parts go together to really understand voice.”Moving forward, Kreiman & Co. are studying a collection of male speakers to broaden the scope of the ongoing experiment. Stay on target Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey.