6 February 2013 A huge mineral deposit recently discovered in Limpopo province is even bigger than previously thought, and represents “enormous good news” for the future of platinum mining in South Africa, the head of Canadian company Ivanplats announced at the Investing in African Mining Indaba in Cape Town on Wednesday. Located on the northern limb of South Africa’s Bushveld Complex, the Platreef (or Flatreef) discovery is a massive deposit offering high-quality metals – “650-million tons of indicated and referred resources in a six square kilometre area”, Robert Friedland, the chairman of Ivanhoe Capital Corporation and the executive chairman of Ivanplats, told Indaba delegates.Clean, sustainable model promised In exploiting this reserve, the company promises a clean model, to be environmentally responsible, to have zero fatalities and to be sustainable. It would have a better model of employment and pay above-average wages, and it would have a “very broad-based black economic empowerment” component. It would deliver benefits beyond its mine, Friedland promised, including jobs and new skills. “Beneficiation will be our key driver. We can make catalytic convertors and jewellery right here.” He said that an intensive drilling programme in 2011 and 2012 had dramatically expanded and upgraded Platreef’s precious and base-metal mineral resources.Massive Bushveld deposit Bloomberg reported recently that Platreef’s indicated mineral resources now totalled 223-million tons at a grading of 4.1 grams per ton of platinum, palladium, gold and rhodium, at a cumulative, average true thickness of 24.3 metres. It also has nickel and copper. “Flatreef is distinguished from other Bushveld projects by its tremendous size, the remarkable thickness of the polymetallic mineralised reef and its potential for significant by-product credits of nickel and copper,” Friedland said on Wednesday. “The successful upgrading and expansion of the selective high-grade underground resources advance the definition of the initial mine plan in which we intend to incorporate safe, efficient, large-scale, mechanised mining methods.”Possible South African listing Friedland said Ivanplats would apply to the Department of Mineral Resources for a mining licence “that will have a large BBBEE [broad-based black economic empowerment] component.” The Canadian company, which has been exploring in Africa since 1994, listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange in October 2012. “We are now thinking of listing in South Africa as our secondary listing. Having been here, we think a listing in South Africa is more appropriate than London.” Friedland said it was critical to generate sustainable livelihoods around mines. “We must build mines where younger mine workers are more like skilled surgeons.” Also, the buyers of the end products – the car buyers in Japan, for example – would want to know the product was built with more than muscle power, and that the community around the mine was benefiting too. “We need to work here, find and forge a new economic model,” Friedland said, adding that it was “enormous good news” for South Africa that the discovery was in this country, which already produced 75% of the world’s primary platinum. Friedland was also very upbeat on the future of Africa, and South Africa in particular. “This is the beginning of incredible economic growth in Africa. Seven of the top 10 countries in terms of GDP [gross domestic product] growth are in Africa. Sub-Saharan Africa will have greater GDP growth,” he said. “So I am very optimistic about the future of this country.” He also predicted continuing demand for metals, saying there would be 37 megacities around the world by 2020. “All will need metals, particularly platinum to clean the air,” as well as copper and iron for high-speed trains. “We have come to a point of no return. Planet Earth is going urban. And an urban world is immensely consumptive of metals.” Source: Industrial Development Corporation
7 Types of Video that will Make a Massive Impac… How to Write a Welcome Email to New Employees? Related Posts Tags:#Architecture#design#Digital Humanities#gaming#hack Why You Love Online Quizzes fruzsina eordogh Growing Phone Scams: 5 Tips To Avoid Minecraft changed the video game industry by selling millions of downloads of an indie game. Now the free-form building game is inviting players to help redesign real-world locations around the world.Minecraft creator Mojang announced yesterday in a blog post that it is teaming up with United Nations Habitat to upgrade 300 public spaces by 2016. The project, called Block by Block, enlists local youth to improve their neighborhoods. Block by Block is the international version of a previous Mojang project known as My Blocks (Mina Kvarter in Swedish), organized in conjunction with Swedish Building Services. Mojang managing director Carl Manneh wrote:“It has proven to be a great way to visualize urban planning ideas without necessarily having architectural training. The ideas presented by the citizens lay as a ground for political decisions. Mina Kvarter has been a great success and it’s spreading into more areas in Sweden. It has also been recognized internationally as a new way to do urban development planning. Recently, the UN found out about what we are doing and we got together to talk.”The first Block by Block site, in Nairobi, Kenya, is “already in the planning phase.” Urban planners interested in following the project will have to wait for status updates, as Mojang is still building the Block by Block website.
People who use smartphones in excess may experience personal, social and workplace problems warn new research.In the study, participants who identified themselves as “addicts” and “fanatics” exhibited signs that could indicate depression, social isolation, social anxiety, shyness, impulsivity and low self-esteem. “Our smartphones have turned into a tool that provides short, quick, immediate satisfaction, which is very triggering,” said Isaac Vaghefi, Assistant Professor at the Binghamton University-State University of New York. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf”Our neurones get fired and dopamine is being released, and over time this makes us acquire a desire for quick feedback and immediate satisfaction. This process also has contributed to developing shorter attention spans and being more and more prone to boredom,” Vaghefi said.The umbrella term “technology addiction” refers to addictive behaviour related to social media, excessive texting, information overload, online shopping, gambling, video gaming, online pornography and overall smartphone usage. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveAccording to the study, seven per cent were identified as “addicts” and 12 per cent as “fanatics.” Both groups experience personal, social and workplace problems due to a compulsive need to be on their smartphones, according to the study published in the Information Systems Journal.Females were most likely to exhibit susceptibility to addiction.”While self-identified ‘addict’ users were in the minority, I predict technology addiction will increase as technology continues to advance and application, game and gadget developers find new ways to ensure users’ long-term engagement with technology,” Vaghefi said. The researchers said that if you constantly check your smartphone, even when it does not ring or vibrate, or you get paranoid when the smartphone is not with you, seeking professional help might be a good idea. Moreover, if you use technology as a way of escaping problems or relieving feelings of helplessness, guilt, anxiety or depression, or you ignore what is happening in real time in favour of what is happening virtually, you might then be a right candidate to seek professional help, the researchers said.
While intimate partner violence is a prevalent and pressing concern in heterosexual relationships, gay couples too may be at an increased risk of physical and sexual violence, emotional abuse as well as controlling behaviour, finds a study.According to researchers, the violence links back to HIV prevention because men in abusive relationships may find it hard to negotiate for condom use or even when and how they have sex. A gay man who is struggling with his identity might lash out at his partner with physical or emotional abuse as a stress response behaviour – similar to heterosexual couples, where an unemployed man lashes out at his female partner because he feels inadequate. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe study makes a strong connection between internalized homophobia and violence, the findings showed.”If you just looked at physical and sexual violence in male couples, it’s about 25 to 30 per cent, roughly the same as women,” said Rob Stephenson, Professor at the University of Michigan in the US.”We’re stuck in this mental representation of domestic violence as a female victim and a male perpetrator, and while that is very important, there are other forms of domestic violence in all types of relationships,” Stephenson added. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe research is important because it debunks that stereotype, and accounts for controlling and isolating behaviours as well as physical abuse, Stephenson said.For the study, published in the American Journal of Men’s Health, the researchers recruited 320 men (160 couples) to independently complete individual surveys measuring demographic information, partner violence experience and perpetration, and individual and relationship characteristics that may shape the experience of violence. They found that 46 per cent of the 320 men (160 couples) experienced some form of intimate partner violence in the last year – physical and sexual violence, emotional abuse and controlling behaviour.The Supreme Court in India has began hearing a number of petitions challenging Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code which criminalises consensual homosexuality for people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender.