The innovative international scholar Tamar Herzog has been appointed the Monroe Gutman Professor of Latin American Affairs in Harvard University’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS). She also will become the Radcliffe Alumnae Professor at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. Herzog comes to Harvard from Stanford University, where she has been a professor of Latin American, Spanish, and Portuguese history since 2005.Being “engaged in a community of scholars” is what brings Herzog, 48, to Harvard and its Radcliffe Institute. “I ask questions,” is how she characterizes her study of people and places in Latin America, Portugal, and Spain.In the process of exploring borders, citizenship, communities, belonging, and belongings, her work connects with many areas of study. “In addition to the wonderful history department, it will be an opportunity to connect with scholars in the areas of law, anthropology, Latin American and American studies, art history, political science, literature, and philosophy,” she said.“I am very pleased that a scholar of Tamar Herzog’s caliber has agreed to join the History Department,” said FAS Dean Michael D. Smith. “She will enrich the FAS community with her groundbreaking research, and represents an exciting opportunity for Harvard College students to learn from a world-renowned scholar.”“Professor Herzog’s approach to finding answers to her questions by crossing disciplinary and geographical borders is the kind of wide-ranging intellectual pursuit the Radcliffe Institute is dedicated to supporting, and that Harvard encourages,” said Radcliffe Dean Lizabeth Cohen, who is also the Howard Mumford Jones Professor of American Studies in the same department that Herzog will join.Herzog received her Ph.D. from École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris, and since then has conducted research in Spain, Portugal, Latin America, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, and the United Kingdom. Her international experience and orientation is one reason she chose to join the Harvard faculty. For her, “the University offers a concentration and intensity of intellectual engagement that draws people from around the world.”The Radcliffe Professorship means that Herzog will be a fellow at the Radcliffe Institute for two of her first five years as a professor at Harvard. Professorships at the Radcliffe Institute are offered in conjunction with tenured positions at the University and help attract leading scholars who will bring greater diversity to the Harvard faculty. The Radcliffe Alumnae Professorship was funded by contributions from hundreds of Radcliffe College alumnae who wanted today’s Harvard undergraduates to benefit from a more diverse teaching faculty than they had in the past.Herzog, who has previously been a fellow at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and the European University Institute in Florence, Italy, and this year is a Guggenheim Fellow, recognizes the Radcliffe Professorship as “an exceptional opportunity.”In her fellowship years, Herzog will pursue independent research in the institute’s stimulating community of artists and scholars. She expects that being a fellow will be perfectly timed as she determines the scope and nature of her next major project.“The early stages are so crucial,” said Herzog, “and Radcliffe will be wonderful for that because there are so many different scholars, with different disciplines, and from different places who come together for intellectual exchange.”Starting in the fall of 2013, Herzog will be welcomed to that “intellectual exchange” in an array of departments and schools across Harvard.
By Andréa Barretto/Diálogo July 27, 2016 Brazil, Colombia, and Peru have agreed to join forces tocombat unlawful activities through the Memorandum of Understanding to CombatUnlawful Activities on Border or Shared Rivers, signed by the three countriesin 2008 and promulgated by Brazil in March of 2016. “Operations are conducted individually (by each of theArmed Forces on its own), jointly (with the other Brazilian Armed Forces), orcombined (with the other border countries, including Colombia and Peru),”explained Rear Admiral Flávio Augusto Viana Rocha, director of the Center ofSocial Communications for the Brazilian Navy. “One of the farthest-reaching operations conductedperiodically is the so-called Operation Ágata, coordinated by the Joint Staffof the Armed Forces (reporting to the Ministry of Defense), in which the Navy,the Army, and the Air Force act jointly with multiple agencies like the FederalPolice Department and the Federal Revenue Service,” Rear Admiral Vianaadded. The latest iteration of Ágata took place June 13th to 22nd and covered the full length of Brazil’s border – nearly17,000 kilometers, including the 9,523 kilometers of borders formed by rivers,lakes, and canals. During the 11 days of the operation, 720 inspections weredone on vessels. Navy conducts daily prevention and enforcement actions The 9th Naval District Command, headquartered in Manaus inthe state of Amazonas, is the Brazilian Navy unit responsible for Brazil’sborder rivers as well as those shared with Colombia and Peru. Its coverage areaalso includes the states of Acre, Rondônia, and Roraima. There are 768 service personnel involved every day inpreventive and penal activities aimed at monitoring the enforcement of laws andat fighting crime on river borders, which are coordinated by the 9th Naval DistrictCommand, according to Rear Adm. Vianna. Five patrol ships are used during these activities, alongwith speedboats from the port authorities, police stations, and agenciesdistributed throughout the military unit’s jurisdiction, which extends throughouta 26,000-kilometer waterway network. The Army employs 6,340 personnel on the borders with Peruand Colombia The Army has already deployed around 6,340 service personnel in the border regions with Peru and Colombia who are subordinate to the military organizations of the 2nd, 16th, and 17th Jungle Infantry Brigades. “The Brazil-Peru-Colombia border has 19 Special BorderPlatoons that stop vessels every day, seeking to combat transbordercrimes,” the Amazon Military Command (CMA, for its Portuguese acronym)explained through its communications office. “These platoons also do at least one borderreconnaissance operation in their areas of responsibility along the borderrivers, citing anyone who commits a crime,” the CMA added. Less lethal weapons and munitions are employed during theseactions, in addition to standard-issue weapons and munitions (pistols and lightautomatic rifles), as well as Army vessels and helicopters. The Federal Police keep watch on the Solimões River The Federal Police is the main agency tasked with combating narcotrafficking in Brazil. In September 2015, the agency reopened the Anozl Base on the triple border with Colombia and Peru, a set of two floating check points set up on the banks of the Solimões River. “Since waterways are the primary method of transport inthe region, nearly all the illicit drugs produced in Peru and Colombia aretransported along the Solimões River,” stated Alexandre Silveira deOliveira, Regional Executive Officer of the Federal Police Administration in Amazonas,in a report published by Diálogo on November 23, 2015, concerning the AnzolBase. Federal agents work at one of the floating check points,inspecting boats and passengers, while Army solders remain on alert on theother, ready to intercept any vessel that threatens to flee the scene. In addition to this ongoing action, the Federal Police alsoparticipates in operations with the Armed Forces, such as Operation Ágata. Example of operations among the three countries The most comprehensive operation ever done by joint forcesfrom Brazil, Peru, and Colombia was Operation Traira, which ran April 4-8, 2016. Traira covered a total area of 1,426 kilometers, equal insize to the state of São Paulo.